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Chameleons

Brookesia brygooi, Totstellreflex

Defense and escape behavior of leaf chameleons

Madagascan leaf chameleons of the genera Brookesia and Palleon are quite special – also and in particular with regard to their defensive behavior against predators. Because of their size and the less pronounced color...

Chameleon predators

The knowledge about predators of Malagasy chameleons comes mainly from anecdotal reports and (so far) less systematic research. Also, we observe from time to time how chameleons become victims of other animals in the...
Zunge Furcifer pardalis in Sambava

The chameleon’s tongue

The shot of the tongue is one of the characteristic features of all chameleons. This article explores the anatomy of the tongue and explains how the tongue shot works. We would like to point...

Defense and escape behavior of tree dwelling chameleons

Among the tree-dwelling chameleons on Madagascar are the genera Furcifer and Calumma. Among them are both the largest and the most colorful species. They have a whole range of threatening behavior which they can...
Häutung Furcifer verrucosus in Ifaty

Shedding

Shedding Chameleons grow for a lifetime. Since their skin cannot grow with them, they have to shed it from time to time. This process is called molting or shedding. The anatomical term is ecdysis,...

The chameleon eye

The eyes are probably one of the most striking specializations of the chameleon. The chameleon basically has a lens eye like a human being. However, for the purpose of enlarging the field of vision,...
Skelett Calumma parsonii parsonii Weibchen

Anatomy

Anatomy means as much as the study of the structure of the body. This site is dedicated to the anatomy of Madagascan chameleons, and it is certainly not complete. We expand the article piece...
Furcifer pardalis Lokalform Ambilobe

The colour change

The first thing most people think of when they think of a chameleon is the fact that these animals can change their skin color. This article explores the question of how this color change...
Calumma emelinae female, Moramanga, 2020

Frequently asked questions about taxonomy

Here we have put together a collection of questions and answers that are asked on our pages regarding species descriptions of chameleons. If further questions should fit here, we would be glad about an...