Color variation “orange eye”

Calumma parsonii parsonii orange eye 2014
Calumma parsonii parsonii orange eye 2014
Calumma parsonii parsonii orange eye 2015
Calumma parsonii parsonii orange eye in Mahambo 2018
Calumma parsonii parsonii orange eye in Mahambo 2018
Calumma parsonii parsonii orange eye 2015
Calumma parsonii parsonii orange eye in Mahambo 2018 (1)

Distribution:

Export as KML for Google Earth/Google MapsOpen standalone map in fullscreen modeCreate QR code image for standalone map in fullscreen modeExport as GeoJSONExport as GeoRSSExport as ARML for Wikitude Augmented-Reality browser
Orange eyes

loading map - please wait...

Anjahambe: -17.379000, 49.142900
Nosy Boraha (St. Marie): -16.736167, 49.995689
Akanin\'ny Nofy: -18.601998, 49.197807

Parson’s chameleons of the color variation “orange eye” occur in several areas of Madagascar’s east coast between Toamasina (Tamatave) until Mananara. We want to introduce you to some of these. All of the east coast habitats differ significantly in climate from other Parsons’ habitats. With elevations from 0 to 500 m above sea level, the orange eyes’ distribution area is much lower than the distribution areas of other color variations. Thus it is much warmer as e.g. in Vohimana (yellow giants) or Ranomafana (yellow lips), which are both located in the highlands.

The island St. Marie (in Malagasy Nosy Boraha) is located in the center part of Madagascar’s east coast and belongs to Analanjirofo region. St. Marie is about 50 km long and has a width of two to seven kilometers and approximately 16.000 inhabitants. The capital of the island is Ambodifotatra. Today, a small, modern airport offers daily flights to Antananarivo. Otherwise, you can reach St. Marie easily by boat from Soanierana Ivongo. Especially the white dreamlike beaches of St. Marie are famous, and you can snorkel and dive in many places. That is why the island has been used mainly for tourism for the last decades. Sadly, there is not much intact rainforest left, and it is restricted to a really tiny area in the north of the island. It is often difficult to find Calumma parsonii parsonii here at all nowadays.

Another distribution area, where you can find the same color variation of Calumma parsonii parsonii, is somewhat more southern on Madagascar’s east coast. It is the area around Anjahambe. The habitat here belongs to the less unbeknown distribution areas of this species. Similar to the color variation “yellow giant”, orange eyes here loves to spend time in coffee plantations, but also inside rainforest residues. The denser the forest, the more difficult to find a Parson’s.

Appearance & size:

The typical coloration of “orange eye” males is a darkish green or turquoise colored body with bright orange-colored eyelids. Males often have a white-beige spot on the flanks, but not all. Every now and then you can find animals with a light turquoise colored body and almost white head, only the eyelids are colored orange. In terraristics there is a lot of discussions whether there are different varieties of “orange eyes”. In Madagascar we have not yet been able to find this out in any way – both the white-headed and the green-headed “orange eyes” with white lips can be found in the same habitat.

Weight table

Gewichtstabelle Calumma parsonii parsonii 2018

Weibchen = females, Männchen = males, KRL = snout-vent-length in cm, Gewicht = body weight in grams

Since 2015, we have been measuring the weights of some chameleons that we found in Madagascar, of course only if practicable with calm animals (and working scales). Up to date, we have only a few weights. Over the long term, we want to get an average weight in proportion to the snout-vent-length (measured from the tip of the nose to the cloaca) from a large number of measurements for each Madagascan chameleon species. It is important to know that weights were all measured at the end of the rainy season when the chameleons have been having the highest food supply of the year. So our table may show the maximum weights of chameleons in Madagascar. Triangular symbols in females mean not pregnant, spherical symbols mean pregnant. Up to date, we have one shared table for all color variations of Calumma parsonii parsonii since it is all the same species.

 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature 23 24 23 23 21 19 19 19 20 21 22 23
Minimum temperature 20 20 20 19 18 15 15 15 15 16 18 19
Maximum temperatures 27 27 27 27 27 25 23 23 24 25 26 27
Rain days 18 20 21 13 11 11 15 14 15 16 20 25

We have collected the data given above over several years with thermometers and hygrometers at the finding places of the chameleons. "Average temperature" means that values of a whole month have been calculated to one average value per month. For example all measured minimum temperature values of February have been calculated to one average minimum temperature for February. In plain language, this means single peak values of a day may be a little higher or lower than the average minimum and maximum temperatures. It is possible that a location has an average maximum temperature of 29°C, but one day during that month it had 33°C or even 35°C there.

Nosy Boraha island is located at Madagascar's east coast and has a pleasant warm climate all year long. During rainy season temperatures are a little higher with average temperatures in the 20ies and a slight night drop to 20°C. At daytime it usually has more than 30°C. In dry season, temperatures are a little cooler during day and nighttime.

Precipitation on Nosy Boaha is rather moderate all year long. Rainy season of course has more intense rain, but also "dry" season has regular rainfall. The island is a common destination for foreign tourists and Malagasy vacationers which is mainly due to the mild climate and the beautiful beaches.

2016 UVI Nosy Boraha St. Marie
Tageszeit = day time, Sonne = sun, Halbschatten = half shade, Schatten = shade

We have measured UVB data with a Solarmeter 6.5 in spring (end of March) at the peak of activity of chameleons in Madagascar. We always measured the values that a chameleon could maximally reach in its habitat.

Unfortunately, we have no ground temperatures for Nosy Boraha (St. Marie) available yet.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature 23 24 23 23 21 19 19 19 20 21 22 23
Minimum temperatures 20 20 20 19 18 15 15 16 15 16 18 19
Maximum temperatures 27 27 27 27 25 23 23 23 24 25 26 27
Rain days 18 20 21 13 11 11 15 14 15 16 20 25

We have collected the data given above over several years with thermometers and hygrometers at the finding places of the chameleons. "Average temperature" means that values of a whole month have been calculated to one average value per month. For example all measured minimum temperature values of February have been calculated to one average minimum temperature for February. In plain language, this means single peak values of a day may be a little higher or lower than the average minimum and maximum temperatures. It is possible that a location has an average maximum temperature of 29°C, but one day during that month it had 33°C or even 35°C there.

Climate in Anjahambe is warm all year long due to its coastal location and low elevation. Only sunny places usually reach temperatures above 30°C and nights have only moderate temperature drops.

It rains on a regular base during the whole year, so dry season only becomes suspicious by slightly lower temperatures.

2016 UVI Ostküste
Tageszeit = day time, Sonne = sun, Halbschatten = half shade, Schatten = shade

We have measured UVB data with a Solarmeter 6.5 in spring (March) at the peak of activity of chameleons in Madagascar. We always measured the values that a chameleon could maximally reach in its habitat.

Unfortunately, we have no ground temperatures for Anjahambe available yet.

Habitat:

The left habitat on Nosy Boraha or St. Marie is rather small and consists of coffee plantations and pitiable residues of rainforest. The plantations have low, broadly branched coffee branches above a thick foliage layer, and some bigger trees stay in between. In the secondary vegetation around Ambodifotratra and other holiday villages, you will not find this species anymore. The following pictures show the habitat close to Anjahambe.

Here are some 360° pictures from lake Ampitabe. With the mouse you can rotate in all directions. If you click on the Theta logo, the pictures open in an enlarged view in a separate window. There is also the possibility to execute the images in full screen mode. Have fun watching!

Regenwald im Reservat Akanin’ny Nofy, Region Atsinanana, Ostküste, Madagaskar, März 2018 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

Regenwald im Reservat Akanin’ny Nofy, Region Atsinanana, Ostküste, Madagaskar, März 2018 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

Regenwald im Reservat Akanin’ny Nofy, Region Atsinanana, Ostküste, Madagaskar, März 2018 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

Regenwald im Reservat Akanin’ny Nofy, Region Atsinanana, Ostküste, Madagaskar, März 2018 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

Digiprove sealCopyright secured by Digiprove