Furcifer angeli

Furcifer angeli Männchen 2016
Furcifer angeli Männchen 2016
CITES quotas
2017-19 each 150 specimens available for legal export

First description:

(Brygoo & Domergue, 1968)

Origin of the species name:

The two zoologists Édouard-Raoul Brygoo and Charles Antoine Domergue of the Natural History Museum in Paris (France) named the species in honour of their assistant taxidermist Fernand Angel. Angel had already described various new species himself in the course of cataloguing all the existing chameleon preparations in the museum.

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Furcifer angeli

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Ankarafantsika: -16.225224, 47.005005
Tsaramandroso: -16.362310, 47.042456
Port-Bergé: -15.600056, 47.620325
Bekomanga: -16.216200, 45.362800
Mahajanga: -15.717900, 46.316800

Distribution:

Furcifer angeli lives in the dry forests of northwest Madagascar. The distribution area ranges from the Ankarafantsika National Park to various forest remnants near Port-Bergé and Mahajanga on the west coast. The latter is not protected, which is why the few remaining dry forests are heavily threatened by deforestation and slash-and-burn clearing. Unfortunately, finding the species is not easy and we have already spent many hours in the heat without seeing Furcifer angeli. Only in certain, extremely small residual forests Furcifer angeli can be found in larger numbers during the rainy season. But as these forest remains are miles apart and in between, there are only savannah-like, cleared landscapes, it can be assumed that different Furcifer angeli populations, unfortunately, do not meet each other anymore.

Appearance and size:

Male Furcifer angeli grow up to 42 cm long from the nose to the tip of the tail, the females remain considerably smaller with almost 30 cm. The species looks very similar to Furcifer pardalis, whose distribution range begins a little further north. However, Furcifer angeli has a longer nose and is far less spectacularly colored. The males are dirty orange colored with bluish-grey banding and partly burgundy red markings. When excited they show their most beautiful colors with bright orange. The females of Furcifer angeli are colored exactly like Furcifer pardalis pink to orange with black banding but have a slightly longer nose. Both sexes have white lips and a white lateral stripe as well as a dorsal crest. Gular and ventral crest exists, too, but they become more and more indistinct towards the tail.

 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature 27 27 27 27 26 24 23 24 25 26 27 27
Minimum temperature 23 23 23 22 20 18 17 18 19 21 22 23
Maximum temperature 31 31 31 32 31 30 30 30 31 32 31 31
Rain days 25 24 19 8 4 4 6 6 4 6 12 21

We have collected the data given above over several years with thermometers and hygrometers at the finding places of the chameleons. "Average temperature" means that values of a whole month have been calculated to one average value per month. For example all measured minimum temperature values of February have been calculated to one average minimum temperature for February. In plain language, this means single peak values of a day may be a little higher or lower than the average minimum and maximum temperatures. It is possible that a location has an average maximum temperature of 29°C, but one day during that month it had 33°C or even 35°C there.

Climate in Ankarafantsika is hot and dry during most time of the year. Temperatures above 30°C during daytime are usual. Rainy season is rather short and only covers November until March. In this time, it is raining a lot and the whole forest blooms.

In April, the rainy season is over and precipitation is only measured few days per month. Many trees lose their leaves. There is morning dew and occasionally some rainfall, but that's it. During daytime, temperatures are a little lower than in rainy season, but temperatures still easily reach 25°C. At night, temperatures drop some degrees.

2016 UVI Ankarafantsika
Tageszeit = day time, Sonne = sun, Halbschatten = half shade, Schatten = shade

We have measured UVB data with a Solarmeter 6.5 in spring (beginning of April) at the peak of activity of chameleons in Madagascar. We always measured the values that a chameleon could maximally reach in its habitat.

Unfortunately, we have no ground temperatures for Ankarafantsika available yet.

Habitat:

The species inhabits an old dry forest with large old trees and a lot of undergrowth in the Ankarafantsika National Park. The soil consists of a sand-earth mixture. In Mahajanga the habitat consists of a rather low forest with thin trees and lots of dense bushes. Furcifer angeli even uses adjacent secondary vegetation here. The soil in Mahajanga consists mainly of laterite. Both habitats have in common that they are only completely green during the rainy season. In the dry season most plants lose their leaves, streams dry out and survival becomes relatively difficult for chameleons.

Hereinafter you can find some 360° pictures from Ankarafantsika and Mahajanga that we took during the rainy season. You can move inside these pictures via mouse click in all directions. If you click on the Theta logo, a new window with an enlarged view will open. You will also have the opportunity to look at the pictures in full-screen mode. Enjoy!

 

Trockenwald im Nationalpark Ankarafantsika, Region Boeny, West-Madagaskar, April 2017 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

Sekundärvegetation nahe Mahajanga, Region Boeny, West-Madagaskar, März 2020 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

Sekundärvegetation nahe Mahajanga, Region Boeny, West-Madagaskar, März 2020 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

Trockenwald im Nationalpark Ankarafantsika, Region Boeny, West-Madagaskar, April 2017 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

Trockenwald im Nationalpark Ankarafantsika, Region Boeny, West-Madagaskar, April 2017 – Spherical Image – RICOH THETA

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